POULTRY FACT SHEET NO. 18b
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
STANDARD BRED POULTRY
SOURCES AND RESOURCES
Francine A. Bradley Extension Poultry Specialist University of California, Davis
The terms "purebred" and "registered" are not used in poultry. Rather, poultry that meet the breed and variety descriptions found in the American Standard of Perfection are said to be "standard bred." The organization which publishes the Standard of Perfection and coordinates the recognition, description, and exhibition of all standard bred poultry in the United States is the American Poultry Association (APA). Founded in Buffalo, New York in 1873, the APA is the oldest livestock organization in the United States. Anyone interested in raising standard bred poultry (chickens, turkeys, ducks, and geese) should invest in a copy of the Standard.
Some chicken and duck breeds have corresponding miniature versions (one-fifth to one-quarter the size of the large bird). There are some breeds that only exist in the small forms. All of these diminutive forms are referred to as "bantams." It should be noted that the term bantam is an adjective and is NOT a breed name. An organization which standardizes and promotes the bantam breeds is the American Bantam Association (ABA). The ABA also publishes the Bantam Standard.
If you wish to start a fancy flock, it is suggested that you contact one of the associations or clubs listed on pages 2 and 3. Find out when the next show will be and plan to attend. At the show you can see the birds "in the feather," and see which breeders' birds are judged best by the show judges. After surveying the birds you may know exactly what you want to raise. Some shows have sale areas and it would be possible for you to purchase birds on the spot. Your other option would be to arrange with a breeder to sell your birds at a later date. In general, it is not advisable to buy fancy stock at a feed store. The feed store may carry healthy and efficient commercial (egg laying or meat producing) stock, but it is rare that a feed store will have good quality standard bred poultry.
ASSOCIATIONS AND CLUBS
International Waterfowl Breeder's Association (IWBA)
American Bantam Association (ABA)
American Poultry Association (APA)
Central Coast Feather Fanciers (CCFF)
Gold Coast Poultry Fanciers (GCPF)
Golden Gate Bantam Club (GGBC)
Greater California Society of Poultry Fanciers (G.C.S.P.F.)
Humboldt Poultry Fanciers Association (HPFA)
Northern California Bird Fanciers (NCBF)
Pacific Coast Bantam Club (PCBC)
Pacific Poultry Breeders Association (PPBA)
Specifics on annual January show:
"Feather Fancier" Published monthly, $18/yr.
Books available from the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy (ALBC)
For postage and handling, add $2.00 for orders up to $15.00 and for each additional $10.00, add $1.00.
The American Standard of Perfection
The Bantam Standard
Raising Poultry the Modern Way, by Leonard Mercia.
Your Chickens - A Kid's Guide to Raising and Showing, by Gail Damerow.
For individuals wishing to locate judges for poultry shows:
California Fair Services Authority, 1111 Howe, Suite 600, Sacramento, CA 95825, will provide a listing of the approved poultry judges utilized by California Fairs and Expositions. For faster service, you may call Donna Fleming at (916) 921-2213 or (916) 263-6182.
A complete listing of all American Poultry Association licensed judges is found in the APA Yearbook.
If you have additional questions about Standard Bred Poultry we suggest you cantact Francine Bradley (916) 752-6316.